Tags

    Standards Based Grading

    Standards Based Grading

    Flipped Instruction

    History of Grading

    • Prior to mid 1700s students did not get grades, they received written narrative feedback
    • 1780- Yale University quantified feedback on a 4 point scale (4.0 system)
    • 1877- Harvard created Divisions
      • Division 1: 90 to 100
      • Division 2: 75 to 90
      • Division 3: 60 to 74
      • Division 4: 50 to 59
      • Division 5: 40 to 49
      • Division 6: below 40
    • 1917- US Army develops Alpha test, multiple choice and true false to determine training placement of recruits. (Evolves into ASVAB)
    • 1941- College Entrance Examination Board commissions SAT, multiple choice format
    • 1942- Essay portion is dropped from SAT
    • 1950s- Textbook publishers begin to adopt correct/incorrect model of assessment
    • Test results begin to be reported as percentages, and single scores become indications of general achievement in content areas. Items that could not be scored as correct or incorrect are given points (essay, oral presentations, etc.)
    • Normal curve driven by College Entrance Board












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